5 Types of Mental Illnesses You Should Know About

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5 Types of Mental Illnesses You Should Know About

It is a sad, sad reality that despite living in the 21st century, with so many social and technological advancements taking place around us all the time, we have still not successfully destigmatized the shame that surrounds mental illnesses. People who unfortunately suffer of the diseases are banished effectively from the society in ways that may or may not seem apparent. However, it is about time that this be stopped and people suffering from mental illnesses be embraced, and their conditions be regarded with the same dignity as other physical conditions generally are. One way about this is to familiarize oneself with the many types of mental illnesses that prevail amongst the populations. Therefore, the article below highlights five types of conditions that one should be aware of. Read to find out:

  1. Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety is perhaps the most common disorder that affects people globally. It is estimated that around 1 of every 7 people suffer from this problem. Yet, it remains to be one of the most misunderstood and least understood of all conditions. It is characterized as a form of mental illness that makes people suffer from fear and apprehension, especially when put in circumstances where they have to address large crowds. However, an anxiety attack is not restricted to such situations only, and might occur anytime. Anxiety disorder usually presents itself in the form of obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder.

If not treated well in time, the situation can worsen, giving rise to severe symptoms, such as panic attacks, physical symptoms such as nausea, nightmares and obsessive thoughts.

  1. Mood Disorder

Every person has a down period in his life, where he does not feel so great. One’s mood sulks and one feels grumpy and sad. However, such periods are usually short and pass by without any proper medication required. But when one suffers from a mood disorder, which is about every one in ten adults, this low feeling does not subside swiftly and easily. The mood persists and may result in psychological imbalances. Usually, mood disorders are characterized by depression and bipolar attitudes. If treated properly, the sufferers can lead normal, healthy lives.

  1. Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a severe psychotic disorder marked by notable changes in the cognitive and emotional functioning of otherwise healthy individuals. It is a very serious condition as it affects the most basic of all human aspects, including communication, thinking, perceptions of self, the other and objects. People who happen to suffer from the condition exhibit speech issues, abnormal reasoning of events and circumstances, and social withdrawal. They might also have to endure through torturous phases of hallucinations and delusions.

  1. Dementia

Dementia is a mental illness that is caused by an abnormal deposit of protein cells in the regions of the brain that control memory and mental functions. Hence, the disease is characterized by a loss of cognitive abilities in general, leading to poorer motor skills and memory loss. A very common form of dementia that affects thousands of people worldwide is known as Alzheimer’s disease.

  1. Eating Disorders

While it may seem the least threatening of all of the aforementioned mental illnesses, it is perhaps the most life threatening of all. A person who suffers from eating disorder may begin to exhibit symptoms very early in their lives, usually in adolescence. While the traits of this disease vary from person to person, there are, nevertheless, a few common patterns. Broadly speaking, sufferers are usually found obsessing over their food intake, and are unhappy about the way they look, their body mass, etc. They may drastically reduce or increase the amount of food they consume, suffer from depression and/ or distress as well.